What is Climate Change?

Climate change refers to any significant change in climate indicators. Climate indicators include such things as precipitation, temperature, storm patterns and intensity. Climate change can result from natural factors or human activities.

We know that there were ice age eras and periods of global warming before humans inhabited the earth. Scientists do not know definitively why these changes have occurred, but they have theories about their causes. For example, volcanic eruption on a massive scale, change in the earth’s orbit or the earth’s orientation towards the sun, and ‘Sun spots’ explosions on the sun. Any of these would cause changes in the earth’s surface temperature.

Human activities known to affect the climate include burning fossil fuels, deforestation, desertification, land filling and combustion of waste. Agricultural practices such as soil cultivation, rice production, and animal husbandry also have an influence.

Global Warming

Global Warming refers to an average increase in the earth’s temperature over time. Global warming is one manifestation of climate change. It is important to realise



warming trends are not uniform throughout the globe. Increases in the average temperature on one region of the world may produce far different results in another region.


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